国密SM4,javaScript / vue加密解密 java加密解密

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1. SM算法简介

SM算法:国密即国家密码局认定的国产密码算法。主要有SM1,SM2,SM3,SM4。密钥长度和分组长度均为128位。

  • SM1 为对称加密。其加密强度与AES相当。该算法不公开,调用该算法时,需要通过加密芯片的接口进行调用。
  • SM2为非对称加密,基于ECC。该算法已公开。由于该算法基于ECC,故其签名速度与秘钥生成速度都快于RSA。ECC 256位(SM2采用的就是ECC 256位的一种)安全强度比RSA 2048位高,但运算速度快于RSA。
  • SM3 消息摘要。可以用MD5作为对比理解。该算法已公开。校验结果为256位。
  • SM4 无线局域网标准的分组数据算法。对称加密,密钥长度和分组长度均为128位。

2. 百度SM4算法 实现的心酸历程

我大量尝试了网上其他博主的SM算法相关的博客,但是均是前端可以实现加解密,但是后端返回数据就解密失败。不匹配问题。所以我们需要匹配前端和后端保持一致

相关博客:
vue gm-crypt-nodejs 实现加解密
vue中如何使用SM4国密来加密?
国密SM4,javaScript加密 java解密(不完整,前端js缺少解密方法)

SM4网上有许多java代码,但javaScript代码实现缺很少。以下代码是根据Java代码自己写的JavaScript版本:

本着前端的思维,因为这段时间的工作需要,接触到了SM算法,本篇采用的是SM4 分前端javascript及后端的java两部分。

3. SM4 前端javascript代码实现加密解密

<!DOCTYPE html<html>

<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>javaScript加密解密</title>
</head>

<body>
    <script type="text/javascript">
        /**
         * @email 70255403@qq.com
         * @date 2020-07-14
         */
        (function (r) { if (typeof exports === "object" && typeof module !== "undefined") { module.exports = r() } else { if (typeof define === "function" && define.amd) { define([], r) } else { var e; if (typeof window !== "undefined") { e = window } else { if (typeof global !== "undefined") { e = global } else { if (typeof self !== "undefined") { e = self } else { e = this } } } e.base64js = r() } } })(function () { var r, e, t; return function r(e, t, n) { function o(i, a) { if (!t[i]) { if (!e[i]) { var u = typeof require == "function" && require; if (!a && u) { return u(i, !0) } if (f) { return f(i, !0) } var d = new Error("Cannot find module '" + i + "'"); throw d.code = "MODULE_NOT_FOUND", d } var c = t[i] = { exports: {} }; e[i][0].call(c.exports, function (r) { var t = e[i][1][r]; return o(t ? t : r) }, c, c.exports, r, e, t, n) } return t[i].exports } var f = typeof require == "function" && require; for (var i = 0; i < n.length; i++) { o(n[i]) } return o }({ "/": [function (r, e, t) { t.byteLength = c; t.toByteArray = v; t.fromByteArray = s; var n = []; var o = []; var f = typeof Uint8Array !== "undefined" ? Uint8Array : Array; var i = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/"; for (var a = 0, u = i.length; a < u; ++a) { n[a] = i[a]; o[i.charCodeAt(a)] = a } o["-".charCodeAt(0)] = 62; o["_".charCodeAt(0)] = 63; function d(r) { var e = r.length; if (e % 4 > 0) { throw new Error("Invalid string. Length must be a multiple of 4") } return r[e - 2] === "=" ? 2 : r[e - 1] === "=" ? 1 : 0 } function c(r) { return r.length * 3 / 4 - d(r) } function v(r) { var e, t, n, i, a; var u = r.length; i = d(r); a = new f(u * 3 / 4 - i); t = i > 0 ? u - 4 : u; var c = 0; for (e = 0; e < t; e += 4) { n = o[r.charCodeAt(e)] << 18 | o[r.charCodeAt(e + 1)] << 12 | o[r.charCodeAt(e + 2)] << 6 | o[r.charCodeAt(e + 3)]; a[c++] = n >> 16 & 255; a[c++] = n >> 8 & 255; a[c++] = n & 255 } if (i === 2) { n = o[r.charCodeAt(e)] << 2 | o[r.charCodeAt(e + 1)] >> 4; a[c++] = n & 255 } else { if (i === 1) { n = o[r.charCodeAt(e)] << 10 | o[r.charCodeAt(e + 1)] << 4 | o[r.charCodeAt(e + 2)] >> 2; a[c++] = n >> 8 & 255; a[c++] = n & 255 } } return a } function l(r) { return n[r >> 18 & 63] + n[r >> 12 & 63] + n[r >> 6 & 63] + n[r & 63] } function h(r, e, t) { var n; var o = []; for (var f = e; f < t; f += 3) { n = (r[f] << 16) + (r[f + 1] << 8) + r[f + 2]; o.push(l(n)) } return o.join("") } function s(r) { var e; var t = r.length; var o = t % 3; var f = ""; var i = []; var a = 16383; for (var u = 0, d = t - o; u < d; u += a) { i.push(h(r, u, u + a > d ? d : u + a)) } if (o === 1) { e = r[t - 1]; f += n[e >> 2]; f += n[e << 4 & 63]; f += "==" } else { if (o === 2) { e = (r[t - 2] << 8) + r[t - 1]; f += n[e >> 10]; f += n[e >> 4 & 63]; f += n[e << 2 & 63]; f += "=" } } i.push(f); return i.join("") } }, {}] }, {}, [])("/") });


        /**
         * 国密SM4加密算法
         * @email 70255403@qq.com
         * @date 2020-07-14
         */
        function SM4_Context() {
            this.mode = 1;
            this.isPadding = true;
            this.sk = new Array(32);
        }

        function SM4() {
            this.SM4_ENCRYPT = 1;
            this.SM4_DECRYPT = 0;

            var SboxTable = [0xd6, 0x90, 0xe9, 0xfe, 0xcc, 0xe1, 0x3d, 0xb7, 0x16, 0xb6, 0x14, 0xc2, 0x28, 0xfb, 0x2c, 0x05,
                0x2b, 0x67, 0x9a, 0x76, 0x2a, 0xbe, 0x04, 0xc3, 0xaa, 0x44, 0x13, 0x26, 0x49, 0x86, 0x06, 0x99,
                0x9c, 0x42, 0x50, 0xf4, 0x91, 0xef, 0x98, 0x7a, 0x33, 0x54, 0x0b, 0x43, 0xed, 0xcf, 0xac, 0x62,
                0xe4, 0xb3, 0x1c, 0xa9, 0xc9, 0x08, 0xe8, 0x95, 0x80, 0xdf, 0x94, 0xfa, 0x75, 0x8f, 0x3f, 0xa6,
                0x47, 0x07, 0xa7, 0xfc, 0xf3, 0x73, 0x17, 0xba, 0x83, 0x59, 0x3c, 0x19, 0xe6, 0x85, 0x4f, 0xa8,
                0x68, 0x6b, 0x81, 0xb2, 0x71, 0x64, 0xda, 0x8b, 0xf8, 0xeb, 0x0f, 0x4b, 0x70, 0x56, 0x9d, 0x35,
                0x1e, 0x24, 0x0e, 0x5e, 0x63, 0x58, 0xd1, 0xa2, 0x25, 0x22, 0x7c, 0x3b, 0x01, 0x21, 0x78, 0x87,
                0xd4, 0x00, 0x46, 0x57, 0x9f, 0xd3, 0x27, 0x52, 0x4c, 0x36, 0x02, 0xe7, 0xa0, 0xc4, 0xc8, 0x9e,
                0xea, 0xbf, 0x8a, 0xd2, 0x40, 0xc7, 0x38, 0xb5, 0xa3, 0xf7, 0xf2, 0xce, 0xf9, 0x61, 0x15, 0xa1,
                0xe0, 0xae, 0x5d, 0xa4, 0x9b, 0x34, 0x1a, 0x55, 0xad, 0x93, 0x32, 0x30, 0xf5, 0x8c, 0xb1, 0xe3,
                0x1d, 0xf6, 0xe2, 0x2e, 0x82, 0x66, 0xca, 0x60, 0xc0, 0x29, 0x23, 0xab, 0x0d, 0x53, 0x4e, 0x6f,
                0xd5, 0xdb, 0x37, 0x45, 0xde, 0xfd, 0x8e, 0x2f, 0x03, 0xff, 0x6a, 0x72, 0x6d, 0x6c, 0x5b, 0x51,
                0x8d, 0x1b, 0xaf, 0x92, 0xbb, 0xdd, 0xbc, 0x7f, 0x11, 0xd9, 0x5c, 0x41, 0x1f, 0x10, 0x5a, 0xd8,
                0x0a, 0xc1, 0x31, 0x88, 0xa5, 0xcd, 0x7b, 0xbd, 0x2d, 0x74, 0xd0, 0x12, 0xb8, 0xe5, 0xb4, 0xb0,
                0x89, 0x69, 0x97, 0x4a, 0x0c, 0x96, 0x77, 0x7e, 0x65, 0xb9, 0xf1, 0x09, 0xc5, 0x6e, 0xc6, 0x84,
                0x18, 0xf0, 0x7d, 0xec, 0x3a, 0xdc, 0x4d, 0x20, 0x79, 0xee, 0x5f, 0x3e, 0xd7, 0xcb, 0x39, 0x48];

            var FK = [0xa3b1bac6, 0x56aa3350, 0x677d9197, 0xb27022dc];

            var CK = [0x00070e15, 0x1c232a31, 0x383f464d, 0x545b6269,
                0x70777e85, 0x8c939aa1, 0xa8afb6bd, 0xc4cbd2d9,
                0xe0e7eef5, 0xfc030a11, 0x181f262d, 0x343b4249,
                0x50575e65, 0x6c737a81, 0x888f969d, 0xa4abb2b9,
                0xc0c7ced5, 0xdce3eaf1, 0xf8ff060d, 0x141b2229,
                0x30373e45, 0x4c535a61, 0x686f767d, 0x848b9299,
                0xa0a7aeb5, 0xbcc3cad1, 0xd8dfe6ed, 0xf4fb0209,
                0x10171e25, 0x2c333a41, 0x484f565d, 0x646b7279];

            this.GET_ULONG_BE = function (b, i) {
                return (b[i] & 0xff) << 24 | ((b[i + 1] & 0xff) << 16) | ((b[i + 2] & 0xff) << 8) | (b[i + 3] & 0xff) & 0xffffffff;
            }

            this.PUT_ULONG_BE = function (n, b, i) {
                var t1 = (0xFF & (n >> 24));
                var t2 = (0xFF & (n >> 16));
                var t3 = (0xFF & (n >> 8));
                var t4 = (0xFF & (n));
                b[i] = t1 > 128 ? t1 - 256 : t1;
                b[i + 1] = t2 > 128 ? t2 - 256 : t2;
                b[i + 2] = t3 > 128 ? t3 - 256 : t3;
                b[i + 3] = t4 > 128 ? t4 - 256 : t4;
            }

            this.SHL = function (x, n) {
                return (x & 0xFFFFFFFF) << n;
            }

            this.ROTL = function (x, n) {
                var s = this.SHL(x, n);
                var ss = x >> (32 - n);
                return this.SHL(x, n) | x >> (32 - n);
            }


            this.sm4Lt = function (ka) {
                var bb = 0;
                var c = 0;
                var a = new Array(4);
                var b = new Array(4);
                this.PUT_ULONG_BE(ka, a, 0);
                b[0] = this.sm4Sbox(a[0]);
                b[1] = this.sm4Sbox(a[1]);
                b[2] = this.sm4Sbox(a[2]);
                b[3] = this.sm4Sbox(a[3]);
                bb = this.GET_ULONG_BE(b, 0);
                c = bb ^ this.ROTL(bb, 2) ^ this.ROTL(bb, 10) ^ this.ROTL(bb, 18) ^ this.ROTL(bb, 24);
                return c;
            }

            this.sm4F = function (x0, x1, x2, x3, rk) {
                return x0 ^ this.sm4Lt(x1 ^ x2 ^ x3 ^ rk);
            }

            this.sm4CalciRK = function (ka) {
                var bb = 0;
                var rk = 0;
                var a = new Array(4);
                var b = new Array(4);
                this.PUT_ULONG_BE(ka, a, 0);
                b[0] = this.sm4Sbox(a[0]);
                b[1] = this.sm4Sbox(a[1]);
                b[2] = this.sm4Sbox(a[2]);
                b[3] = this.sm4Sbox(a[3]);
                bb = this.GET_ULONG_BE(b, 0);
                rk = bb ^ this.ROTL(bb, 13) ^ this.ROTL(bb, 23);
                return rk;
            }



            this.sm4Sbox = function (inch) {
                var i = inch & 0xFF;
                var retVal = SboxTable[i];
                return retVal > 128 ? retVal - 256 : retVal;
            }

            this.sm4_setkey_enc = function (ctx, key) {
                if (ctx == null) {
                    alert("ctx is null!");
                    return false;
                }
                if (key == null || key.length != 16) {
                    alert("key error!");
                    return false;
                }
                ctx.mode = this.SM4_ENCRYPT;
                this.sm4_setkey(ctx.sk, key);

            };
            //生成解密密钥
            this.sm4_setkey_dec = function (ctx, key) {
                if (ctx == null) {
                    Error("ctx is null!");
                }

                if (key == null || key.length != 16) {
                    Error("key error!");
                }

                var i = 0;
                ctx.mode = 0;
                this.sm4_setkey(ctx.sk, key);
                ctx.sk = ctx.sk.reverse();
            }


            this.sm4_setkey = function (SK, key) {
                var MK = new Array(4);
                var k = new Array(36);
                var i = 0;
                MK[0] = this.GET_ULONG_BE(key, 0);
                MK[1] = this.GET_ULONG_BE(key, 4);
                MK[2] = this.GET_ULONG_BE(key, 8);
                MK[3] = this.GET_ULONG_BE(key, 12);
                k[0] = MK[0] ^ FK[0];
                k[1] = MK[1] ^ FK[1];
                k[2] = MK[2] ^ FK[2];
                k[3] = MK[3] ^ FK[3];
                for (var i = 0; i < 32; i++) {
                    k[(i + 4)] = (k[i] ^ this.sm4CalciRK(k[(i + 1)] ^ k[(i + 2)] ^ k[(i + 3)] ^ CK[i]));
                    SK[i] = k[(i + 4)];
                }

            }
            this.padding = function (input, mode) {
                if (input == null) {
                    return null;
                }
                var ret = null;
                if (mode == this.SM4_ENCRYPT) {
                    var p = parseInt(16 - input.length % 16);
                    ret = input.slice(0);
                    for (var i = 0; i < p; i++) {
                        ret[input.length + i] = p;
                    }
                } else {
                    var p = input[input.length - 1];
                    ret = input.slice(0, input.length - p);
                }
                return ret;
            }
            this.sm4_one_round = function (sk, input, output) {
                var i = 0;
                var ulbuf = new Array(36);
                ulbuf[0] = this.GET_ULONG_BE(input, 0);
                ulbuf[1] = this.GET_ULONG_BE(input, 4);
                ulbuf[2] = this.GET_ULONG_BE(input, 8);
                ulbuf[3] = this.GET_ULONG_BE(input, 12);
                while (i < 32) {
                    ulbuf[(i + 4)] = this.sm4F(ulbuf[i], ulbuf[(i + 1)], ulbuf[(i + 2)], ulbuf[(i + 3)], sk[i]);
                    i++;
                }
                this.PUT_ULONG_BE(ulbuf[35], output, 0);
                this.PUT_ULONG_BE(ulbuf[34], output, 4);
                this.PUT_ULONG_BE(ulbuf[33], output, 8);
                this.PUT_ULONG_BE(ulbuf[32], output, 12);

            }

            this.sm4_crypt_ecb = function (ctx, input) {
                if (input == null) {
                    alert("input is null!");
                }
                if ((ctx.isPadding) && (ctx.mode == this.SM4_ENCRYPT)) {
                    input = this.padding(input, this.SM4_ENCRYPT);
                }

                var i = 0;
                var length = input.length;
                var bous = new Array();
                for (; length > 0; length -= 16) {
                    var out = new Array(16);
                    var ins = input.slice(i * 16, (16 * (i + 1)));
                    this.sm4_one_round(ctx.sk, ins, out)
                    bous = bous.concat(out);
                    i++;
                }

                var output = bous;
                if (ctx.isPadding && ctx.mode == this.SM4_DECRYPT) {
                    output = this.padding(output, this.SM4_DECRYPT);
                }
                for (var i = 0; i < output.length; i++) {
                    if (output[i] < 0) {
                        output[i] = output[i] + 256;
                    }
                }
                return output;
            }

            this.sm4_crypt_cbc = function (ctx, iv, input) {
                if (iv == null || iv.length != 16) {
                    alert("iv error!");
                }

                if (input == null) {
                    alert("input is null!");
                }

                if (ctx.isPadding && ctx.mode == this.SM4_ENCRYPT) {
                    input = this.padding(input, this.SM4_ENCRYPT);
                }

                var i = 0;
                var length = input.length;
                var bous = new Array();
                if (ctx.mode == this.SM4_ENCRYPT) {
                    var k = 0;
                    for (; length > 0; length -= 16) {
                        var out = new Array(16);
                        var out1 = new Array(16);
                        var ins = input.slice(k * 16, (16 * (k + 1)));

                        for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
                            out[i] = (ins[i] ^ iv[i]);
                        }
                        this.sm4_one_round(ctx.sk, out, out1);
                        iv = out1.slice(0, 16);
                        bous = bous.concat(out1);
                        k++;
                    }
                }
                else {
                    var temp = [];
                    var k = 0;
                    for (; length > 0; length -= 16) {
                        var out = new Array(16);
                        var out1 = new Array(16);
                        var ins = input.slice(k * 16, (16 * (k + 1)));
                        temp = ins.slice(0, 16);
                        sm4_one_round(ctx.sk, ins, out);
                        for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
                            out1[i] = (out[i] ^ iv[i]);
                        }
                        iv = temp.slice(0, 16);
                        bous = bous.concat(out1);
                        k++;
                    }
                }

                var output = bous;
                if (ctx.isPadding && ctx.mode == this.SM4_DECRYPT) {
                    output = this.padding(output, this.SM4_DECRYPT);
                }

                for (var i = 0; i < output.length; i++) {
                    if (output[i] < 0) {
                        output[i] = output[i] + 256;
                    }
                }
                return output;
            }
        }


        function SM4Util() {
            this.secretKey = "11HDESAAHIHHUGDZ";
            this.iv = "";
            this.hexString = false;
            //加密_ECB
            this.encryptData_ECB = function (plainText) {
                try {
                    var sm4 = new SM4();
                    var ctx = new SM4_Context();
                    ctx.isPadding = true;
                    ctx.mode = sm4.SM4_ENCRYPT;
                    var keyBytes = stringToByte(this.secretKey);
                    sm4.sm4_setkey_enc(ctx, keyBytes);
                    var encrypted = sm4.sm4_crypt_ecb(ctx, stringToByte(plainText));
                    var cipherText = base64js.fromByteArray(encrypted);
                    if (cipherText != null && cipherText.trim().length > 0) {
                        cipherText.replace(/(\s*|\t|\r|\n)/g, "");
                    }
                    return cipherText;
                } catch (e) {
                    console.error(e);
                    return null;
                }

            }
            //解密_ECB
            this.decryptData_ECB = function (cipherText) {
                try {
                    var sm4 = new SM4();
                    var ctx = new SM4_Context();
                    ctx.isPadding = true;
                    ctx.mode = sm4.SM4_ENCRYPT;
                    var keyBytes = stringToByte(this.secretKey);
                    sm4.sm4_setkey_dec(ctx, keyBytes);
                    var decrypted = sm4.sm4_crypt_ecb(ctx, base64js.toByteArray(cipherText));
                    return byteToString(decrypted);
                } catch (e) {
                    console.error(e);
                    return null;
                }
            }

            this.encryptData_CBC = function (plainText) {
                try {
                    var sm4 = new SM4();
                    var ctx = new SM4_Context();
                    ctx.isPadding = true;
                    ctx.mode = sm4.SM4_ENCRYPT;

                    var keyBytes = stringToByte(this.secretKey);
                    var ivBytes = stringToByte(this.iv);

                    sm4.sm4_setkey_enc(ctx, keyBytes);
                    var encrypted = sm4.sm4_crypt_cbc(ctx, ivBytes, stringToByte(plainText));
                    var cipherText = base64js.fromByteArray(encrypted);
                    if (cipherText != null && cipherText.trim().length > 0) {
                        cipherText.replace(/(\s*|\t|\r|\n)/g, "");
                    }
                    return cipherText;
                }
                catch (e) {
                    console.error(e);
                    return null;
                }
            }

            stringToByte = function (str) {
                var bytes = new Array();
                var len, c;
                len = str.length;
                for (var i = 0; i < len; i++) {
                    c = str.charCodeAt(i);
                    if (c >= 0x010000 && c <= 0x10FFFF) {
                        bytes.push(((c >> 18) & 0x07) | 0xF0);
                        bytes.push(((c >> 12) & 0x3F) | 0x80);
                        bytes.push(((c >> 6) & 0x3F) | 0x80);
                        bytes.push((c & 0x3F) | 0x80);
                    } else if (c >= 0x000800 && c <= 0x00FFFF) {
                        bytes.push(((c >> 12) & 0x0F) | 0xE0);
                        bytes.push(((c >> 6) & 0x3F) | 0x80);
                        bytes.push((c & 0x3F) | 0x80);
                    } else if (c >= 0x000080 && c <= 0x0007FF) {
                        bytes.push(((c >> 6) & 0x1F) | 0xC0);
                        bytes.push((c & 0x3F) | 0x80);
                    } else {
                        bytes.push(c & 0xFF);
                    }
                }
                return bytes;
            }


            byteToString = function (arr) {
                if (typeof arr === 'string') {
                    return arr;
                }
                var str = '',
                    _arr = arr;
                for (var i = 0; i < _arr.length; i++) {
                    var one = _arr[i].toString(2),
                        v = one.match(/^1+?(?=0)/);
                    if (v && one.length == 8) {
                        var bytesLength = v[0].length;
                        var store = _arr[i].toString(2).slice(7 - bytesLength);
                        for (var st = 1; st < bytesLength; st++) {
                            store += _arr[st + i].toString(2).slice(2);
                        }
                        str += String.fromCharCode(parseInt(store, 2));
                        i += bytesLength - 1;
                    } else {
                        str += String.fromCharCode(_arr[i]);
                    }
                }
                return str;
            }
        };

        var s4 = new SM4Util();
        s4.iv = "UISwD9fW6cFh9SNS";
        // 加密
        console.log(s4.encryptData_ECB("2477.39713035076"));

        // 解密
        var dedata = s4.decryptData_ECB("4ncw+RSEdPY/gnet0Usv0LEtCGYrxBzm6zSzXrLScUA=");
        console.log(dedata);
    </script>
</body>

</html>

4. SM4 后端java代码实现

package com.encode.sm4;

import java.math.BigInteger;  

public class Util   
{  
    /** 
     * 整形转换成网络传输的字节流(字节数组)型数据 
     *  
     * @param num 一个整型数据 
     * @return 4个字节的自己数组 
     */  
    public static byte[] intToBytes(int num)  
    {  
        byte[] bytes = new byte[4];  
        bytes[0] = (byte) (0xff & (num >> 0));  
        bytes[1] = (byte) (0xff & (num >> 8));  
        bytes[2] = (byte) (0xff & (num >> 16));  
        bytes[3] = (byte) (0xff & (num >> 24));  
        return bytes;  
    }  
  
    /** 
     * 四个字节的字节数据转换成一个整形数据 
     *  
     * @param bytes 4个字节的字节数组 
     * @return 一个整型数据 
     */  
    public static int byteToInt(byte[] bytes)   
    {  
        int num = 0;  
        int temp;  
        temp = (0x000000ff & (bytes[0])) << 0;  
        num = num | temp;  
        temp = (0x000000ff & (bytes[1])) << 8;  
        num = num | temp;  
        temp = (0x000000ff & (bytes[2])) << 16;  
        num = num | temp;  
        temp = (0x000000ff & (bytes[3])) << 24;  
        num = num | temp;  
        return num;  
    }  
  
    /** 
     * 长整形转换成网络传输的字节流(字节数组)型数据 
     *  
     * @param num 一个长整型数据 
     * @return 4个字节的自己数组 
     */  
    public static byte[] longToBytes(long num)   
    {  
        byte[] bytes = new byte[8];  
        for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++)   
        {  
            bytes[i] = (byte) (0xff & (num >> (i * 8)));  
        }  
  
        return bytes;  
    }  
  
    /** 
     * 大数字转换字节流(字节数组)型数据 
     *  
     * @param n 
     * @return 
     */  
    public static byte[] byteConvert32Bytes(BigInteger n)   
    {  
        byte tmpd[] = (byte[])null;  
        if(n == null)  
        {  
            return null;  
        }  
          
        if(n.toByteArray().length == 33)  
        {  
            tmpd = new byte[32];  
            System.arraycopy(n.toByteArray(), 1, tmpd, 0, 32);  
        }   
        else if(n.toByteArray().length == 32)  
        {  
            tmpd = n.toByteArray();  
        }   
        else  
        {  
            tmpd = new byte[32];  
            for(int i = 0; i < 32 - n.toByteArray().length; i++)  
            {  
                tmpd[i] = 0;  
            }  
            System.arraycopy(n.toByteArray(), 0, tmpd, 32 - n.toByteArray().length, n.toByteArray().length);  
        }  
        return tmpd;  
    }  
      
    /** 
     * 换字节流(字节数组)型数据转大数字 
     *  
     * @param b 
     * @return 
     */  
    public static BigInteger byteConvertInteger(byte[] b)  
    {  
        if (b[0] < 0)  
        {  
            byte[] temp = new byte[b.length + 1];  
            temp[0] = 0;  
            System.arraycopy(b, 0, temp, 1, b.length);  
            return new BigInteger(temp);  
        }  
        return new BigInteger(b);  
    }  
      
    /** 
     * 根据字节数组获得值(十六进制数字) 
     *  
     * @param bytes 
     * @return 
     */  
    public static String getHexString(byte[] bytes)   
    {  
        return getHexString(bytes, true);  
    }  
      
    /** 
     * 根据字节数组获得值(十六进制数字) 
     *  
     * @param bytes 
     * @param upperCase 
     * @return 
     */  
    public static String getHexString(byte[] bytes, boolean upperCase)   
    {  
        String ret = "";  
        for (int i = 0; i < bytes.length; i++)   
        {  
            ret += Integer.toString((bytes[i] & 0xff) + 0x100, 16).substring(1);  
        }  
        return upperCase ? ret.toUpperCase() : ret;  
    }  
      
    /** 
     * 打印十六进制字符串 
     *  
     * @param bytes 
     */  
    public static void printHexString(byte[] bytes)   
    {  
        for (int i = 0; i < bytes.length; i++)   
        {  
            String hex = Integer.toHexString(bytes[i] & 0xFF);  
            if (hex.length() == 1)   
            {  
                hex = '0' + hex;  
            }  
            System.out.print("0x" + hex.toUpperCase() + ",");  
        }  
        System.out.println("");  
    }  
      
    /** 
     * Convert hex string to byte[] 
     *  
     * @param hexString 
     *            the hex string 
     * @return byte[] 
     */  
    public static byte[] hexStringToBytes(String hexString)   
    {  
        if (hexString == null || hexString.equals(""))   
        {  
            return null;  
        }  
          
        hexString = hexString.toUpperCase();  
        int length = hexString.length() / 2;  
        char[] hexChars = hexString.toCharArray();  
        byte[] d = new byte[length];  
        for (int i = 0; i < length; i++)   
        {  
            int pos = i * 2;  
            d[i] = (byte) (charToByte(hexChars[pos]) << 4 | charToByte(hexChars[pos + 1]));  
        }  
        return d;  
    }  
      
    /** 
     * Convert char to byte 
     *  
     * @param c 
     *            char 
     * @return byte 
     */  
    public static byte charToByte(char c)   
    {  
        return (byte) "0123456789ABCDEF".indexOf(c);  
    }  
      
    /** 
     * 用于建立十六进制字符的输出的小写字符数组 
     */  
    private static final char[] DIGITS_LOWER = {'0', '1', '2', '3', '4', '5',  
            '6', '7', '8', '9', 'a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f'};  
   
    /** 
     * 用于建立十六进制字符的输出的大写字符数组 
     */  
    private static final char[] DIGITS_UPPER = {'0', '1', '2', '3', '4', '5',  
            '6', '7', '8', '9', 'A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F'};  
   
    /** 
     * 将字节数组转换为十六进制字符数组 
     * 
     * @param data byte[] 
     * @return 十六进制char[] 
     */  
    public static char[] encodeHex(byte[] data) {  
        return encodeHex(data, true);  
    }  
   
    /** 
     * 将字节数组转换为十六进制字符数组 
     * 
     * @param data        byte[] 
     * @param toLowerCase <code>true</code> 传换成小写格式 , <code>false</code> 传换成大写格式 
     * @return 十六进制char[] 
     */  
    public static char[] encodeHex(byte[] data, boolean toLowerCase) {  
        return encodeHex(data, toLowerCase ? DIGITS_LOWER : DIGITS_UPPER);  
    }  
   
    /** 
     * 将字节数组转换为十六进制字符数组 
     * 
     * @param data     byte[] 
     * @param toDigits 用于控制输出的char[] 
     * @return 十六进制char[] 
     */  
    protected static char[] encodeHex(byte[] data, char[] toDigits) {  
        int l = data.length;  
        char[] out = new char[l << 1];  
        // two characters form the hex value.  
        for (int i = 0, j = 0; i < l; i++) {  
            out[j++] = toDigits[(0xF0 & data[i]) >>> 4];  
            out[j++] = toDigits[0x0F & data[i]];  
        }  
        return out;  
    }  
   
    /** 
     * 将字节数组转换为十六进制字符串 
     * 
     * @param data byte[] 
     * @return 十六进制String 
     */  
    public static String encodeHexString(byte[] data) {  
        return encodeHexString(data, true);  
    }  
   
    /** 
     * 将字节数组转换为十六进制字符串 
     * 
     * @param data        byte[] 
     * @param toLowerCase <code>true</code> 传换成小写格式 , <code>false</code> 传换成大写格式 
     * @return 十六进制String 
     */  
    public static String encodeHexString(byte[] data, boolean toLowerCase) {  
        return encodeHexString(data, toLowerCase ? DIGITS_LOWER : DIGITS_UPPER);  
    }  
   
    /** 
     * 将字节数组转换为十六进制字符串 
     * 
     * @param data     byte[] 
     * @param toDigits 用于控制输出的char[] 
     * @return 十六进制String 
     */  
    protected static String encodeHexString(byte[] data, char[] toDigits) {  
        return new String(encodeHex(data, toDigits));  
    }  
   
    /** 
     * 将十六进制字符数组转换为字节数组 
     * 
     * @param data 十六进制char[] 
     * @return byte[] 
     * @throws RuntimeException 如果源十六进制字符数组是一个奇怪的长度,将抛出运行时异常 
     */  
    public static byte[] decodeHex(char[] data) {  
        int len = data.length;  
   
        if ((len & 0x01) != 0) {  
            throw new RuntimeException("Odd number of characters.");  
        }  
   
        byte[] out = new byte[len >> 1];  
   
        // two characters form the hex value.  
        for (int i = 0, j = 0; j < len; i++) {  
            int f = toDigit(data[j], j) << 4;  
            j++;  
            f = f | toDigit(data[j], j);  
            j++;  
            out[i] = (byte) (f & 0xFF);  
        }  
   
        return out;  
    }  
   
    /** 
     * 将十六进制字符转换成一个整数 
     * 
     * @param ch    十六进制char 
     * @param index 十六进制字符在字符数组中的位置 
     * @return 一个整数 
     * @throws RuntimeException 当ch不是一个合法的十六进制字符时,抛出运行时异常 
     */  
    protected static int toDigit(char ch, int index) {  
        int digit = Character.digit(ch, 16);  
        if (digit == -1) {  
            throw new RuntimeException("Illegal hexadecimal character " + ch  
                    + " at index " + index);  
        }  
        return digit;  
    }  
   
    /** 
     * 数字字符串转ASCII码字符串 
     *  
     * @param String 
     *            字符串 
     * @return ASCII字符串 
     */  
    public static String StringToAsciiString(String content) {  
        String result = "";  
        int max = content.length();  
        for (int i = 0; i < max; i++) {  
            char c = content.charAt(i);  
            String b = Integer.toHexString(c);  
            result = result + b;  
        }  
        return result;  
    }  
      
    /** 
     * 十六进制转字符串 
     *  
     * @param hexString 
     *            十六进制字符串 
     * @param encodeType 
     *            编码类型4:Unicode,2:普通编码 
     * @return 字符串 
     */  
    public static String hexStringToString(String hexString, int encodeType) {  
        String result = "";  
        int max = hexString.length() / encodeType;  
        for (int i = 0; i < max; i++) {  
            char c = (char) hexStringToAlgorism(hexString  
                    .substring(i * encodeType, (i + 1) * encodeType));  
            result += c;  
        }  
        return result;  
    }  
      
    /** 
     * 十六进制字符串装十进制 
     *  
     * @param hex 
     *            十六进制字符串 
     * @return 十进制数值 
     */  
    public static int hexStringToAlgorism(String hex) {  
        hex = hex.toUpperCase();  
        int max = hex.length();  
        int result = 0;  
        for (int i = max; i > 0; i--) {  
            char c = hex.charAt(i - 1);  
            int algorism = 0;  
            if (c >= '0' && c <= '9') {  
                algorism = c - '0';  
            } else {  
                algorism = c - 55;  
            }  
            result += Math.pow(16, max - i) * algorism;  
        }  
        return result;  
    }  
      
    /** 
     * 十六转二进制 
     *  
     * @param hex 
     *            十六进制字符串 
     * @return 二进制字符串 
     */  
    public static String hexStringToBinary(String hex) {  
        hex = hex.toUpperCase();  
        String result = "";  
        int max = hex.length();  
        for (int i = 0; i < max; i++) {  
            char c = hex.charAt(i);  
            switch (c) {  
            case '0':  
                result += "0000";  
                break;  
            case '1':  
                result += "0001";  
                break;  
            case '2':  
                result += "0010";  
                break;  
            case '3':  
                result += "0011";  
                break;  
            case '4':  
                result += "0100";  
                break;  
            case '5':  
                result += "0101";  
                break;  
            case '6':  
                result += "0110";  
                break;  
            case '7':  
                result += "0111";  
                break;  
            case '8':  
                result += "1000";  
                break;  
            case '9':  
                result += "1001";  
                break;  
            case 'A':  
                result += "1010";  
                break;  
            case 'B':  
                result += "1011";  
                break;  
            case 'C':  
                result += "1100";  
                break;  
            case 'D':  
                result += "1101";  
                break;  
            case 'E':  
                result += "1110";  
                break;  
            case 'F':  
                result += "1111";  
                break;  
            }  
        }  
        return result;  
    }  
      
    /** 
     * ASCII码字符串转数字字符串 
     *  
     * @param String 
     *            ASCII字符串 
     * @return 字符串 
     */  
    public static String AsciiStringToString(String content) {  
        String result = "";  
        int length = content.length() / 2;  
        for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {  
            String c = content.substring(i * 2, i * 2 + 2);  
            int a = hexStringToAlgorism(c);  
            char b = (char) a;  
            String d = String.valueOf(b);  
            result += d;  
        }  
        return result;  
    }  
      
    /** 
     * 将十进制转换为指定长度的十六进制字符串 
     *  
     * @param algorism 
     *            int 十进制数字 
     * @param maxLength 
     *            int 转换后的十六进制字符串长度 
     * @return String 转换后的十六进制字符串 
     */  
    public static String algorismToHexString(int algorism, int maxLength) {  
        String result = "";  
        result = Integer.toHexString(algorism);  
  
        if (result.length() % 2 == 1) {  
            result = "0" + result;  
        }  
        return patchHexString(result.toUpperCase(), maxLength);  
    }  
      
    /** 
     * 字节数组转为普通字符串(ASCII对应的字符) 
     *  
     * @param bytearray 
     *            byte[] 
     * @return String 
     */  
    public static String byteToString(byte[] bytearray) {  
        String result = "";  
        char temp;  
  
        int length = bytearray.length;  
        for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {  
            temp = (char) bytearray[i];  
            result += temp;  
        }  
        return result;  
    }  
      
    /** 
     * 二进制字符串转十进制 
     *  
     * @param binary 
     *            二进制字符串 
     * @return 十进制数值 
     */  
    public static int binaryToAlgorism(String binary) {  
        int max = binary.length();  
        int result = 0;  
        for (int i = max; i > 0; i--) {  
            char c = binary.charAt(i - 1);  
            int algorism = c - '0';  
            result += Math.pow(2, max - i) * algorism;  
        }  
        return result;  
    }  
  
    /** 
     * 十进制转换为十六进制字符串 
     *  
     * @param algorism 
     *            int 十进制的数字 
     * @return String 对应的十六进制字符串 
     */  
    public static String algorismToHEXString(int algorism) {  
        String result = "";  
        result = Integer.toHexString(algorism);  
  
        if (result.length() % 2 == 1) {  
            result = "0" + result;  
  
        }  
        result = result.toUpperCase();  
  
        return result;  
    }  
      
    /** 
     * HEX字符串前补0,主要用于长度位数不足。 
     *  
     * @param str 
     *            String 需要补充长度的十六进制字符串 
     * @param maxLength 
     *            int 补充后十六进制字符串的长度 
     * @return 补充结果 
     */  
    static public String patchHexString(String str, int maxLength) {  
        String temp = "";  
        for (int i = 0; i < maxLength - str.length(); i++) {  
            temp = "0" + temp;  
        }  
        str = (temp + str).substring(0, maxLength);  
        return str;  
    }  
      
    /** 
     * 将一个字符串转换为int 
     *  
     * @param s 
     *            String 要转换的字符串 
     * @param defaultInt 
     *            int 如果出现异常,默认返回的数字 
     * @param radix 
     *            int 要转换的字符串是什么进制的,如16 8 10. 
     * @return int 转换后的数字 
     */  
    public static int parseToInt(String s, int defaultInt, int radix) {  
        int i = 0;  
        try {  
            i = Integer.parseInt(s, radix);  
        } catch (NumberFormatException ex) {  
            i = defaultInt;  
        }  
        return i;  
    }  
      
    /** 
     * 将一个十进制形式的数字字符串转换为int 
     *  
     * @param s 
     *            String 要转换的字符串 
     * @param defaultInt 
     *            int 如果出现异常,默认返回的数字 
     * @return int 转换后的数字 
     */  
    public static int parseToInt(String s, int defaultInt) {  
        int i = 0;  
        try {  
            i = Integer.parseInt(s);  
        } catch (NumberFormatException ex) {  
            i = defaultInt;  
        }  
        return i;  
    }  
      
    /** 
     * 十六进制串转化为byte数组 
     *  
     * @return the array of byte 
     */  
    public static byte[] hexToByte(String hex)  
            throws IllegalArgumentException {  
        if (hex.length() % 2 != 0) {  
            throw new IllegalArgumentException();  
        }  
        char[] arr = hex.toCharArray();  
        byte[] b = new byte[hex.length() / 2];  
        for (int i = 0, j = 0, l = hex.length(); i < l; i++, j++) {  
            String swap = "" + arr[i++] + arr[i];  
            int byteint = Integer.parseInt(swap, 16) & 0xFF;  
            b[j] = new Integer(byteint).byteValue();  
        }  
        return b;  
    }  
      
    /** 
     * 字节数组转换为十六进制字符串 
     *  
     * @param b 
     *            byte[] 需要转换的字节数组 
     * @return String 十六进制字符串 
     */  
    public static String byteToHex(byte b[]) {  
        if (b == null) {  
            throw new IllegalArgumentException(  
                    "Argument b ( byte array ) is null! ");  
        }  
        String hs = "";  
        String stmp = "";  
        for (int n = 0; n < b.length; n++) {  
            stmp = Integer.toHexString(b[n] & 0xff);  
            if (stmp.length() == 1) {  
                hs = hs + "0" + stmp;  
            } else {  
                hs = hs + stmp;  
            }  
        }  
        return hs.toUpperCase();  
    }  
      
    public static byte[] subByte(byte[] input, int startIndex, int length) {  
        byte[] bt = new byte[length];  
        for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {  
            bt[i] = input[i + startIndex];  
        }  
        return bt;  
    }  
}

5. 测试SM4是否可用

为了保住数据安全,前端通过加密后的数据发送给后端,后端返回数据中也会是加密后的数据。

5.1 这是后端接口返回的加密数据
在这里插入图片描述
5.2 前端通过解密加密后的数据
在这里插入图片描述
可以验证我们的SM4是可以实现加密解密,并且前后端能保持一致性。

6. vue 中使用国密SM4加密解密

6.1 封装成SM4Utils.js 工具类 【把加密解密的方法导出,供外部使用(下面是部分截图)】
在这里插入图片描述
6.2 我已经封装好了,下载后放入utils目录中。
下载点击:SM4Util.js 【前端JS sm4加密解密工具类】
在这里插入图片描述
6.3 页面引入使用

import { encryptData_ECB, decryptData_ECB } from "../../utils/SM4Util";

在mountd钩子中使用

mounted() {
	console.log("解密:" + decryptData_ECB("4ncw+RSEdPY/gnet0Usv0LEtCGYrxBzm6zSzXrLScUA="));
	console.log("加密:" + encryptData_ECB("2477.39713035076"));
}

结果:
在这里插入图片描述

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